R. (Raymond) Murray Schafer is a Canadian composer, writer, music educator and environmentalist perhaps best known for his World Soundscape Project, concern for acoustic ecology, and his book The Tuning of the World. He was the first recipient of the Jules Léger Prize in 1978. A world-renowned music educator, in 1987 he was awarded the first Glenn Gould Prize in recognition of his many contributions. Among his other awards are the Walter Carsen Prize, given by the Canada Council for the Arts, honoring lifetime achievement by Canadian artists and the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement. Schafer's music, beginning in the late 1960s and into the 1970s, revealed an ever-widening stylistic and linguistic boundary along with a tendency in some works towards mysticism and oriental quietism. Among his many works is the situational opera The Princess of the Stars along with Minnilieder, Protest and Incarceration, Canzoni for Prisoners, Loving, Patria, Patria 2: Requiems for the Party Girl and Apacalypsis. As the self-styled 'father of acoustic ecology,' Schafer was concerned about the damaging effects of technological sounds on humans, especially those living in the 'sonic sewers' of urban environments. His booklets The Book of Noise and The Music of the Environment are reasoned but impassioned pleas for anti-noise legislation and improvement of the urban soundscape through the elimination or reduction of potentially destructive sounds.